Forest Improvement Work

If undisturbed, an open field over time will be invaded by shrubs, which in turn will be replaced by saplings, young trees, and eventually a mature forest. These phases are referred to as the grass and forbs stage, shrub and sapling stage, pole stage, and mature forest. In general, plant communities progress in an orderly and predictable manner known as forest succession. The rate of forest succession on any one property is hard to predict and may vary with soil conditions, topography, frequency of natural disturbance, number of deer, and amount of competing vegetation. 

I very rarely recommend diameter limit cuts (cutting based on tree diameter only), because I feel that this removes too many trees per acre for tree farming purposes. It is important to retain seed source of species needed to achieve long-term management objectives. 

splash_image.jpg (16666 bytes) Avoid intermediate cuttings that may increase interfering plant communities, such as grasses and ferns, or be prepared to treat interfering vegetation before the regeneration cut.

A timber-stand improvement is a combination of intermediate noncommercial and commercial, treatments, designed to improve growth and composition of the forest; often referred to as TSI.

Reforestation is the re-establishment of forest cover by natural or artificial means on areas recently supporting forest cover.















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